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Intro to Pioneer Farming

 


Fur Trade

The Ioway Indians not only farmed the river valleys, but also hunted in the vast prairie lands. They traded animal skins with Europeans for items such as glass beads, cloth and knives. This trading often took place at the many forts Europeans set up on the frontier.

At first the fur trade was good for both the Indians and the Europeans. Eventually, this trade led to conflicts over land. As time went on, many of the animals that the Indians hunted became scarce, and the tribes needed to find new hunting grounds.

The fur trade moved farther west, and conflicts arose between the Europeans and the Indians.

Ft. Madison built in 1808
Fort madison on the Mississippi River was built in 1808 to impress
the Indians and help the fur trade.

As these problems increased and pioneer settlers pressed farther west, the U.S. government began moving the Indians even farther west. This caused problems between the various Indian groups as one tribe moved into another's hunting area.


Introduction to Pioneer Farming Continued...


Photo used by permission from the State Historical Society of Iowa, Iowa City.
 
   
 
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